WRFA Manual

The Wilderness & Remote First Aid Manual was updated from the original text developed by the Canadian Red Cross Society, Calgary, Alberta through input from across Canada. The manual has been updated from it’s original waterproof version to a home reference guide with colour illustrations update WMS protocols and practices. The field guide is on waterproof paper and is designed to go into your pack as a quick reference towards your plan.

Getting Started – purple tab

Legalities of FA

Planning

  • Five rights of Medication
  • Water

Prevention

Assessment – lime tab

Scene Survey

Primary Survey

  • ABC’s
  • Head-Tilt / Chin Lift
  • HAINES
  • Jaw Thrust
  • Log Roll
  • Shock

Secondary Survey

Action Plan

Death

Care

Airway Emergencies – blue tab

  • Choking

Breathing and Circulation Emergencies – red tab

  • Allergy and Analphylaxis
  • Angina and Heart Attack
  • Asthma Attack
  • Deadly Bleeding
  • Hyperventilation
  • Smoke Inhalation
  • TIA and Stroke

Cardiac and Respiratory Arrest – navy blue tab

Wound Care – green tab

  • Amputation
  • Bruises
  • Burns
  • Chest Injuries
  • Crush Injuries
  • Ear Injuries
  • Eviseration
  • Eye Injuries
  • Friction Blisters
  • Impalement
  • Infections
  • Knocked-Out Teeth
  • Minor Cuts
  • Nosebleeds

Head and Spine Injuries  – purple tab

  • Concussion
  • Discontinuing Spinal Precautions
  • Moving a Person with a Suspected Head and/ or Spinal Injury
  • Removing a Helemt

Bone, Muscle, and Joint Injuries – light blue tab

  • Dislocation
  • Pelvic Injuries
  • Re-aligning Fractures
  • Splinting

Sudden Medical Emergencies – dark brown tab

  • Childbirth
  • Diabetic Emergencies
  • Digestive System Illness
  • Fainting
  • Seizures

Environmental Emergencies – forest green tab

  • Cold-Related Emergencies
  • Heat-Related Emergencies
  • Hypothermia
  • Lightning Injuries
  • Pressure-Related Injuries
  • Water-Related Injuries

Poisons – light brown tab

Wildlife – gray tab

  • Animal Bites
  • Animal Stings
  • Leech Attachment
  • Tick Bites
  • Venomous Snakebites
  • Venomous Spider Bites
  • Viruses

Extended Care – brown tab

Basic Care

Evacuation: Transporting the ill or injured person

Getting Help

APPENDIX: SOAP Note

Back Page – ASSESSMENT and DECISION MAKING – Priorities